The Troy Street Observer

“Rhapsody in Black” Pianist Joe Steele Remembered

Joe Steele, Rhapsody in Black pianist and longtime member of Chick Webb’s orchestra,  was born Dec 17, 1899 and died in New York City on February 5, 1964. The Boston-born Steele is another of the forgotten ones of this city’s jazz scene. A 1924 graduate of the New England Conservatory, Steele was in New York by 1926, gigging and recording with the Savoy Bearcats, then the band of banjoist Henri Saporo. He led his own band at the Bamboo Inn 1927-29, counting trombonist Jimmy Archey, trumpeter Wendell Culley, and saxophonist (and fellow Bostonian) Charlie Holmes among the sidemen. In 1929 the Joe Steele Orchestra recorded two sides for Victor.

As a member of trumpeter Pike Davis’s Continental Orchestra, Steele toured with the Rhapsody in Black revue in 1931-32, which Time magazine called  “a symphony in blue notes and black rhythm,” starring Ethel Waters. Finally, in 1932 he joined Chick Webb’s Orchestra, remaining until 1936. It was the musical association for which he was best known. After the Webb band, he dropped out of sight. He never recorded again.

Down Beat reported he was in Atlanta in 1939, running a club and leading the band there, but a member of the Steele family informed me that this was not true. Steele left New York to become a professor of music at Texas College, in Tyler, and he left that position for another professorship, at Storer College in Harper’s Ferry, West Virgina. He eventually returned to New York and became a prominent organist in the city’s churches, but he also found time to play jazz and calypso music.

Although he was classically trained and classically minded, Steele did name Art Tatum and Fats Waller as his favorite jazz pianists, and among the next generation, he admired Lennie Tristano and George Shearing.

Charlie Holmes remembered that Steele wouldn’t shake hands with strangers because he worried about his fingers. There is nothing wrong with his fingers on this tune, one of his June 1929 Victor sides, “Top and Bottom.”



  1. Do you knoe if Joe ever played St Louis with the Ink Sppts? My late grandpar2saw them in 1946 when they did a show with The Brown Dots.I have an old menu that was signed by Bill Kenny and other members including a man who signed it Jackin Joe Steele. Knowing his connection to Ella, I assume it must have been your uncle.i could take a pic of the signature if you like. I have a few of their 78s myself. Good stuff indead

    • 1946 sounds late for this Joe Steele to be touring with the Ink Spots. But if Mr Lombard gets back in touch, I’ll send your address to him and the two of you can determine if it is the same Joe Steele.

  2. I am a nephew of Joe Steele and a retired music teacher city of New York joe was a musician who did not get the recognition he deserved joe could of had a career as a classical pianist but it was the wrong time he was a great accompanist I was a close buddy of joe in my early years I hungout with him while I was attending the Juilliard school of music to get. Some real knowledge sometimes joe would be jamming with Lionel Hampton he was a great gospel player you might find him with peek a boo jimmyycalaypso band all at town hall accompanying the great valida snow he was a great arranger composer as a kid I would listen to him playing f
    Or preparing for a all classical period as my father use to say he could play anything as children we woulld play for us we would just start singing some tune of the day and joe would just play it I have heard him rock out baptist church he was just unbelievable

    • Hello Alexander, thanks for dropping by. I have a question about Joe. Did he stay in New York all his life, or was he living in Atlanta for a while? I’ve read that for a time in the 1940s he was leading a band and managing a nightclub there. Do you know if that is true?

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